Origins 5th-19th century Since the 20th century

 The Welsh and the Breton 

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Welsh-Breton 

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The Breton and Welsh languages have a common origin but have evolved over the centuries. They are both Celtic languages. Invasions, repressions and close proximity to other languages have caused them to change. The evolution of Welsh and Breton can be divided into the following stages:

The Celtic origin
Old-Breton and Old-Welsh: from the 5th century
Middle-Breton and Middle -Welsh: from the 11th century
Modern Breton and Modern Welsh: from the end of the 16th century
Contemporary  Breton and Welsh: since the 20th century

The survival of the Welsh and the Breton over centuries is outstanding. We can not let them die!

The Welsh and Breton are to entirely languages but we can find some similarities in the grammar and vocabulary.

Some examples:  

Welsh

Breton

English

Dw i’n darllen y llyfr.

Me zo o lenn ul levr.

I am reading a book.

Pwy sy’n canu ?

Piv zo o kanañ ?

Who is singing?


Some vocabulary:  

The days of the week

Welsh

Breton

English

 

Llun

Lun

Monday

Mawrth

Meurzh

Tuesday

Mercher

Merc’her

Wednesday

Iau

Yaou

Thursday

Gwener

Gwener

Friday

Sadwrn

Sadorn

Saturday

Sul

Sul

Sunday


The number:

 

Welsh

Breton

 

 

 

1

Un

Unan

2

Dau

Daou

3

Tri

Tri

4

Pedwar

Pevar

5

Pump

Pemp

6

Chwech

C’hwec’h

7

Saith

Seizh

8

Wyth

Eizh

9

Naw

Nav

10

Deg

Dek



The colours:

Welsh

Breton

English

 

 

 

Gwyn

Gwenn

White

Du Du Black  
Glas Glas Blue (natural)
Glas Glas Green (naturel)
Melyn Melen Yellow
 

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